Agriculture ('agri' L. = field, 'cultura' L. = cultivation)
- the science and technology of growing
and raising plants and animals.
1) Forestry - the science and technology
of culturing, utilizing and improving forest trees
and their products (ex. pulp, resins, oils, etc.).
2) Agronomy - the science and technology of culturing,
utilizing and improving field crops (grain,
fiber and forage crops).
3) Horticulture ('hortus' L. = garden, 'cultura'
L. = cultivation) - the science, technology and art
of culturing, utilizing and improving fruit, vegetable, flowering
and ornamental plants.
1) Olericulture - vegetable culture and production
2) Pomology - fruit and nut culture and production
3) Ornamental Horticulture - plants grown for aesthetic
uses, improvement of quality
of life and our environment, and functional uses (ex: energy
OF ORNAMENTAL HORTICULTURE
1) Floriculture - flowering and foliage plant
culture and production
2) Floristry - floral design and retail
3) Nursery Production - tree, shrub and vine culture
4) Landscape Horticulture - exterior and interior design,
maintenance of landscapes
- grasses for
lawns, landscapes, sport facilities and golf courses (in Agronomy
in many Universities)
GUIDELINES FOR PLACEMENT OF A CROP IN
AGRONOMY OR FORESTRY
1) Intensity of Production - example strawberries vs.
2) Purpose Crop is Grown - example oak or pecan trees in forest
3) Tradition or Custom - example sweet vs. field
corn, or tobacco