pruning- removal of plant parts, branches, shoot tips, buds, roots, etc.
dehorning - heavy drastic pruning of large limbs; should be avoided at all times;
also called pollarding.
thinning out - removal of branches back to their point of origin.
1) decrease density of the canopy
2) encourage other branches to grow and rejuvenate plant
3) redirect growth
heading back - removal of the terminal portions of a branch.
1) increase density of the canopy
2) encourage branching
pinching - removal of the young, succulent tips of shoots.
hedging - removal of growth flushes on hedges or shrubs to shape canopy and induce
disbudding - removal of excessive flower buds on flowering pot plants.
root pruning - pruning of roots, usually with a shovel, to prepare plants for transplanting.
NOVELTY OR ORNAMENTAL PRUNING
topiary - pruning to produce a 3-dimensional design or form.
espalier - pruning to produce a 2-dimensional design or form.
Called Target Pruning (click for more detail)
State: best when inactive or dormant
2) Susceptibility to winter injury: for plants easily damaged by winter freezes
you may need to allow some spring growth to tell if tissue is dead or not.
a) thin-out immediately after or at the time of transplanting
b) root prune before transplanting (months to years).
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